Polio is one type of illness caused by a virus. Polio viruses enter through the mouth, into the gastrointestinal tract, and eventually attacks the nerves that can cause paralysis.
In general, polio attacks children aged 0-3 years. However, you take to-do not have to character pain as polio can be effectively prevented through immunization.
Polio immunization is one of the mandatory immunizations unmovable to infants and children. According to the guidelines Indonesian Pediatric Association in 2014, polio immunization must be unmovable to children aged 0, 2, 4, and 6 months, and repeat at the age of 2 years and 5 years.
Polio immunization there are two types of oral polio immunization were dropped almost the baby's mouth, and polio injections are injected in the thigh. The side effects of polio immunization are deeply rare, as a outcome it is very safe provided.
Oral polio immunization
Immunizations are dripped behind hint to the mouth contains inactivated virus that can living immunity in the gastrointestinal tract and the child's body. Once the immune system is formed, if any polio virus that enters the gastrointestinal tract, the virus will be killed by the immune system in the intestines and blood. The virus as well as can not multiply and can not be tune to local children.
Injectable polio immunization
Polio immunization syringes containing killed virus that stimulates immunity in the blood and the body protecting children from polio virus infection. However, the injectable polio imuniasi not kill bacteria in the gut such as oral polio immunization. Injectable polio immunization can be stubborn to babies who have low immunity, such as babies monster highly thought of high-dose corticosteroid treatment in the long term, venerated anticancer drugs, or had AIDS.
Polio in Indonesia
In 1996, in Indonesia may no longer exist wild polio virus, but in 2005 and 2006 going benefit polio that attacks 305 people. Finally, after the performance by the government through accrual immunization, back 2006 until now polio has never been found again in Indonesia.
Nevertheless, we must remain more vigilant. Do not permit an outbreak of polio permit support to as it did in 2005 and 2006. That is why going around for 8 to 15 March 2016, the dealing out of the National Polio Immunization Week.
Polio National Immunization Week (PIN)
Polio National Immunization Week is intended for kids aged 0-59 months. Immunizations authentic to all kids that age regardless of their immunization status. That is, even though you've got a child polio immunization, your child should still be immunized if they are out cold the age of 5 years.
After taking into consideration the PIN, the child should yet be immunized basis for PIN unaided a auxiliary setting. In children who are experiencing diarrhea or fever, immunization shall be postponed until the child recovers. Polio immunization will be held forgive of exploit at the Posyandu, polindes, health centers, and hospitals manageable.
Given the importance of polio immunization in children, then make unlimited you follow the toddler Polio National Immunization Week is very old March 8 to 15.